Host mom with food from market - Sidra Kennedy

Yemek Sayesinde Bağ Kurmak

Yemek insanları birbirine bağlar. Guatemala, Tecpan'da okurken, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri'nde hiç deneyimlemediğim ev yapımı yemeklere ve yerel tatlara verilen önemi görüyorum. Tecpan’ın, satıcıların her gün ürünlerini satmak için geldiği bir yerel pazarı var.

Story by Sidra Kennedy. Translated by Büşra Çavundur
United States, Northern America
Published on October 22, 2020

Reading time: 3 minutes

This story is also available in GB de es it kr



Beni evinde ağırlayan Guatemalalı annem çiğ mısır hamurundan[1] küçük tortilla ekmekleri yapmak için bir parça alıyor. Ben, ona hayranlıkla bakarken sobanın üzerindeki yağda yemeklik muzları[2] çeviriyorum. Tanışmamızın ertesi günü kahvaltı hazırlıyoruz ve ikimizin de ne söylendiğini anladığımız bir sohbet gerçekleştirmemiz lazım. Bana verilen işi anlayabilmem için yemeklik muzların nasıl çevrildiğini göstermesi gerekiyordu. Yan yana yemek pişirirken artık onu daha iyi anlıyorum gibi geliyor.

Büyüdüğüm Kuzey Amerika kültüründe, yemek genellikle bir bağ kaynağı olmaktan ziyade gereklilik olarak görülür. Ama hemen hemen her kültür ve geleneğin merkezinde yemek olduğunu yeni yeni farkediyorum. Yemek insanları birbirine bağlar. Guatemala, Tecpan'de okurken, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri'nde hiç deneyimlemediğim ev yapımı yemeklere ve yerel tatlara verilen önemi görüyorum. Tecpan’ın, satıcıların her gün ürünlerini satmak için geldiği bir yerel pazarı var. Pazar ve Perşembe günleri, çevredeki kasabalardan pazara gelen satıcılarla tüm kasaba dolup taşar. Bu kalabalıkta 1,5 metreden kısa ev sahibi annemi sık sık kaybederim. Her gün aynı tezgahları ziyaret ederiz. Ev sahibi annem tanıdığı yerel çiftçilerle sohbet edip en iyi ürünleri dikkatle seçer. Mahsul verimi her hafta değişiyor. Ürün çeşitliliği de mevsimlere göre değişiyor. Her seferinde eve, yemek yapacak farklı ürünlerle döneriz.

Yerel pazardan alınan taze yiyecekler hemencecik hoşuma gidiyor. Daha sonra bu sistemin, içinde büyüdüğüm market sistemine göre çevre için daha iyi olduğunu anlıyorum. Kuzey Amerika marketlerinde raflar, mevsim ne olursa olsun hemen hemen aynı miktarda meyve ve sebzelerle doludur. Bu "mükemmel" yiyecekleri yılın herhangi bir zamanında üretme yeteneği, Genetiği Değiştirilmiş Organizmalar’ın (GDO) ve toptan ithalatın bir sonucu. Bu sistemlerin ikisi de çevremize zarar veriyor. Tecpan'de GDO'suz ürünlerle karşılaşmak, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri'ndeki beslenme düzenimi oluşturan tüm GDO'lu ürünleri aklıma getiriyor.

Öğrendiklerim: GDO'lar, genetik olarak insanlar tarafından tasarlanmış ürünlerdir. GDO'lar, tek tip görünüm ve uzun mesafeli nakliye sırasında tazeliğin korunması gibi arzu edilen özelliklere sahip olacak şekilde tasarlanmıştır. Bu özellikler meyveyi marketlerde her zaman bulunabilir kılsa da, GDO'lu ürünler ayrıca, ekosistemlere zarar veren tarım kimyasallarının kullanılmasını gerektirebilir. Toptan ithalat aynı zamanda büyük miktarlarda fosil yakıtları yakar ve yerli tarımı baltalayabilir.[3]

Guatemala'da yaşadığım iki ay boyunca farklı yemek fikirleriyle haşır neşir oluyorum. Yerli tarım hakkında kendimi eğitip, ev sahibi ailemle bağ kurmak için yemek yaparken yiyeceklerin hem insanları nasıl birbirine bağladığına hem de çevremizi nasıl yok edebileceğine şahit oluyorum. Ancak Tecpan'da iyi yemek yemenin çevre için kötü olması gerekmediğini görüyorum. Yemek kültürlerini sürdürmek için, gıda sistemlerini yerel ekosistemlere ve geleneklere dayalı; tarım kimyasallarına, fosil yakıtlara ve GDO'lara daha az bağımlı hale getirmeye çalışmalıyız. Şimdi Kuzey Amerika'da, Guatemala'daki ev sahibi ailemle kurduğum bağı taze, yerel yiyecekler satın alarak ve çevremdekilerle harika yemekler pişirerek genişletiyorum.


Dipnotlar

[1] Tortilla, chuchitos ve diğer geleneksel Guatemala yemeklerini yapmak için kullanılan öğütülmüş mısır.

[2] Plantain (İng.). ç.n.

[3] GDO'lar ve küresel gıda sistemi hakkında daha fazla bilgi için bakınız: Dünya Gıda Güvenliği Komitesi “Genetically Modified Crops: Seeds of Hope or Deception?” (http://www.fao.org/cfs/home/blog/blog-articles/article/en/c/1104228/); AB Gıda ve Tarım Organizasyonu “Agricultural biotechnologies” (http://www.fao.org/biotech); La Via Campesina gıda bağımsızlığı hareketi (https://viacampesina.org/en/); Afrika Gıda Bağımsızlığı Birliği (https://afsafrica.org/); Kitap: Pamela Ronald ve Raoul Adamchak “Tomorrow’s Table” (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008)


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Sidra Kennedy

Sidra Kennedy

Hi!! I’m Sidra, I’m 19 years old and I’m from the United States. I love discovering new cultures and meeting new people. So far I have lived, worked and studied in the US, Guatemala, Thailand and Ghana, but I hope to expand and learn more. My passion is education and one day I hope to dedicate my life to trying to provide education to everyone in the world. But for now, I’m trying to experience as much of the world as I can!

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