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모든 여권에는 이야기가 있다

이렇게 불공평한 가운데서도 누군가는 이를 겪어내야 합니다. 왜냐하면 누구도 특정 여권 선택해서 태어나지 않기 때문입니다.
Madagascar, Eastern Africa

Fortunat Miarintsoa Andrianimanana의 이야기. 번역가 Hwaeun Lee
September 17, 2022에 출판됨.

이 이야기는 GB cn de es it tr 로 번역되고 있음.



이 이야기를 들어 보세요::


당신의 여권은 당신에 대해 많은 이야기를 해줍니다. 당신의 이름이나 생일보다 더 많이 말입니다. 출입국 관리관이 가장 면밀히 보는 3가지는 여권에 붙어 있는 비자, 여권의 만료일, 그리고 가장 중요한 여권을 발행한 국가입니다. 이 간단한 정보로 당신의 삶이 힘들어 지거나 세계를 돌아다니겠다는 어린 시절 꿈이 좌절될 수도 있습니다. 혹은 그 반대일 수도 있고요. 당신의 여권을 발행한 국가가 어떤 국가인지에 따라 달라지는 것입니다. 아직 당신이 가진 여권 때문에 분노한 적이 없었다면 당신은 “제대로 된” 나라에 태어났다고 할 수 있습니다.

제가 스페인에서 공부하려고 스페인 대사관에 수많은 자료들을 제출해야 했고, 컨퍼런스 참석 차 영국을 가거나 미국을 방문하려면 인터뷰를 통과해야 하는데 그것 때문에 엄청난 스트레스를 받았던 기억이 납니다. 따라서 당신의 여권을 발행한 국가가 어떤 국가인지에 따라 입국 전 또는 출국 후에 비자를 받을 필요 없이 출입할 수 있는 국가의 수가 정해집니다. 비자 없이 갈 수 있는 국가가 많을수록 당신의 여권은 더 “강력한” 것입니다. 

여권은 매년 순위가 매겨지는데, 몇 개국만 나열하면, 2020년에는 일본, 싱가포르, 대한민국, 독일, 이탈리아 여권이 가장 “강력한” 여권이고, 아프가니스탄, 이라크, 시리아, 파키스탄, 소말리아 등 여권이 가장 힘이 약한 여권으로 선정됐습니다. 한 예로, 제 마다가스카르 여권으로는 비자 없이 55개국만 출입할 수 있습니다. 여권마다 그 가치가 왜 다 다른 지에 대한 정보는 거의 찾아볼 수 없습니다. 분명 국가간 외교나 통상 조약에 따른 결과일 것입니다. 

분명한 것은 당신의 여권이 강력할수록 세계를 자유롭게 돌아다닐 수 있는 기회가 더 많아진다는 것입니다. 따라서 “힘이 약한” 제 여권으로 자기 나라를 떠날 수 있으려면 몇 안되는 정부 관련 출장을 가야할 것입니다. 이렇게 불공평한 가운데서도 누군가는 이를 겪어내야 합니다. 왜냐하면 누구도 특정 여권을 선택해서 태어나지 않기 때문입니다.

“힘이 약한” 여권에 붙어 있는 비자 수가 많을수록 비자를 승인받을 확률은 더 높아지는데 그 이유가 대사관이나 영사관 직원이 이 사람은 장기 여행을 할 자격이 잘 주어지지 않을 것을 알고 있기 때문입니다. 이것이 당신의 여권에 붙어 있는 비자 수의 힘입니다. 개인적으로 제게 미국이나 유럽에 체류할 허가증을 갖고 있다면 비자 없이 일부 국가들을 출입할 수 있습니다.

“힘이 약한” 여권 소지자는 분명 여행의 목적, 경제적 상황, 떠나기 전 본국으로 돌아오겠다는 의지를 보여줘야 합니다. 다시 말해서, 돈이 많을수록 다른 나라에서 더 환영을 받습니다. 따라서 여권은 “강력한” 여권 소지자를 편애하는 출입국의 첫 번째 필터인 셈입니다.

당신의 여권이 당신에 대해 이야기하지 않는 것은 당신의 사연입니다. 보다 정확하게는 당신이 여권을 보여주고 비자를 받으려는 진짜 이유 말입니다. 불행하게도 당신의 여권을 처리하는 담당자가 가장 관심을 갖지 않는 부분입니다. 다른 나라에서 죽어가는 가족을 만나러 갈 수도 있고, 조국에서 벌어지는 끝없는 전쟁을 피해 쉴 곳을 찾으러 올 수도 있습니다. 아니면 간단히 사랑하는 사람을 만나러 올 수도 있죠. 지금도 그리고 앞으로도 우리가 조국을 떠나야 하는 이유는 수천 가지가 넘을 것입니다.

작은 행운이 있다면 당신은 여권에 비자를 받을 것입니다. 하지만 당신의 여권의 이야기는 그 여권을 발행한 국가에 달려있다는 것을 알게 될 것입니다.


각주

[1] Henley Passport Index 2020 (https://www.henleypassportindex.com/passport); Business Insider (https://www.businessinsider.com/best-passports-most-countries-no-visa-henley- index-2020-1);
Forbes: (https://www.forbes.com/sites/duncanmadden/2020/01/10/the-most-powerful-passports-in-the-world-in-2020/);
CNN (https://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/henley-index-world-best-passport-2020/index.html)


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Fortunat Miarintsoa Andrianimanana

Fortunat Miarintsoa Andrianimanana

I am a 27 years young Malagasy (no, there are no penguins in Madagascar). I am a convinced life enthusiast willing to always adjust the sails, enjoying at the moment the Barcelonean way of life.  When I am not investigating on internationally displaced people’s welfare or learning marketing strategy, you’ll find me listening to piano concertos or giving a (passionate) hug to someone somewhere.

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