Photos taken by Janina in an alley in Eisenbahnstraße. The graffiti in the left snapshot says ‘Nobody has the right to obey.’

История дух стран: Часть ІІ

Восточная Германия отличается от западной не только из-за разделения после второй мировой войны, но и в результате последовавших за их воссоединением событий. Хотя единство это и хорошо, принятие отличий и разногласий может открыть путь к еще большему взаимному уважению.

Story by Janina Cymborski. Translated by Илья Еременко
Germany, Western Europe
Published on December 19, 2020

Reading time: 3 minutes 30 seconds.

This story is also available in GB br de kr tr



Третье октября в Германии – это государственный праздник, день воссоединения в 1990. Но многие восточные немцы помнят другие события осени 1989. В Лейпциге мы отмечаем 9 октября 1989. День, в который мирную 70-тысячную демонстрацию за свободную страну могла постигнуть та же участь, что и их товарищей на площади Тяньаньмэнь в Китае. За людьми наблюдали снайперы с крыш вокруг, ожидая приказа открыть огонь. Но он так и не был дан. Наша семья и другие люди очень волновались за исход демонстрации.  

Родившись когда-то в Лейпциге, я вновь живу тут, принимаю участие в торжествах 9 октября и прохожу вокруг центра города с тысячами других. Мы держим свечи и слушаем записи скандирования демонстрантов из 1989, которые передают по громкоговорителям на улице. Со слезами на глазах, я просматриваю фотографии с открытия границ Берлина 9 ноября 1989 – спустя месяц после демонстраций в Лейпциге. С интересом вглядываюсь в лица этих людей, ставших свободными. Каково это: быть несвободным всю жизнь и внезапно освободиться? Думаю про свою семью и как им приходилось жить, как бы пришлось жить мне, если бы не смелость этих демонстрантов. После 1989, моя семья и я могли покинуть страну и стать частью нового свободного мира, с новыми знаниями и мнениями.

Но это, отнюдь, не означает, что я автоматически согласна с новым общественным порядком. Необходимость критически смотреть на существующий порядок – это самый важный урок, который я вынесла из революции 1989. Именно потому, что я не родилась в свободной стране, я вижу противоречия между свободой и согласием. Свобода – это поиск своих ответы на самые важные вопросы: кто я, кем я хочу стать и какую жизнь я хочу жить? Восточных немцев от западных отличает осознание факта, что ни один социальный порядок не окончателен, и что он может изменяться (это красноречиво подтверждает мое свидетельство о рождение, выданное несуществующей ныне страной). 

Сегодня безработица и недостаток денег по-прежнему являются проблемам для моей семьи. ГДР не осталась в памяти, а продолжает влиять на нашу жизнь. Пожив в двух системах, мои родители дорого заплатили за свои жизненные уроки. Их веру в добро, многократно эксплуатировали. Нам пришлось начинать «с нуля» в мире, который рушился. Я вижу, как мои родители скорбят об утрате чувства принадлежности, которое мне вообще неведомо. В Восточной Германии они принадлежали к обществу, в котором большинство людей были в одинаковых условиях. Откровенно говоря, чувство общности в ГДР, часто, было вынужденным, порождаемым взаимным долгом: «Я работаю в администрации, если я помогу тебе получить квартиру, ты достанешь велосипед для моего ребенка?». Общность была условием выживания, обеспечения семьи и адаптацией к постоянному дефициту. Общество позволяло жить, но не расти и процветать. Из-за этой потребности в сотрудничестве, человек всегда оставался частью группы. Воссоединение стало и даром, и проклятием. Безусловно, мы получили многое, возможно, даже больше чем я смогу когда-либо осознать. В то же время, как мне кажется, мы потеряли долю человечности – ту, которая может проявиться лишь в трудные времена.  

Первую часть истории Янины можно прочитать тут.


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Janina Cymborski

Janina Cymborski

Born in East Germany, I still live here, enjoying the freedom of an unconventional life I did not really plan on having. After college, I worked in the travel industry in various positions in sales and at one point I decided that it was not enough. I quit and went back to university. I will be doing my master’s degree in political science hopefully next year and apart from that engage in various activities. I learn Arabic and vice versa support others learning German. I volunteer for different projects, both here in Leipzig and Europe-wide. I lack money, sometimes employment, and certainly I could have chosen an easier path. But so be it. I obviously took the road less travelled  and I hope it will one day make all the difference. As Rosa Luxemburg put it: Those who do not move, do not notice their chains.

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