Photos taken by Janina in an alley in Eisenbahnstraße. The graffiti in the left snapshot says ‘Nobody has the right to obey.’

Um Conto de Dois Países: Parte II

As diferenças existentes entre a Alemanha Oriental e Ocidental não são apenas uma consequência da separação após a Segunda Guerra Mundial, mas também dos eventos que se seguiram à Unificação. Embora a ideia de unificação seja um objetivo admirável, a aceitação das diferenças pode eventualmente levar a uma maior apreciação.
Germany, Western Europe

Story by Janina Cymborski. Translated by Joana Fedato
Published on December 19, 2020.

This story is also available in GB de kr ru tr



O dia 3 de outubro é o Dia Nacional da Alemanha, data da Reunificação em 1990. Mas, muitos alemães do leste comemoram os eventos do outono de 1989. Em Leipzig, celebramos o dia 9 de outubro de 1989, quando 70.000 pessoas se manifestaram pacificamente por um país livre temendo que enfrentariam o mesmo destino que seus colegas na Praça Tiananmen, na China. Os atiradores estavam por todos os telhados, observando, esperando para receber a ordem de atacar. Mas essa ordem nunca chegou. As preocupações que minha família e outros tinham ao assistir a essas manifestações eram grandes.

Nascida em Leipzig e vivendo lá novamente, participo das celebrações do 9 de outubro, andando pelo centro da cidade com milhares de outros, segurando velas, ouvindo através de alto-falantes os cantos do povo de 1989. Com lágrimas nos olhos, assisto às filmagens da abertura das fronteiras em Berlim no dia 9 de novembro de 1989 - um mês após as manifestações em Leipzig. Eu me pergunto sobre as expressões nos rostos das pessoas que são livres. Qual seria a sensação de ter sido confinado por toda uma vida e finalmente ser livre? Penso na minha família e na vida que eles tinham que viver, a vida que eu estava destinado a viver se não fosse pela bravura dessas pessoas. Depois de 1989, minha família e eu poderíamos deixar o país e fazer parte de um mundo novo e livre, com novos conhecimentos e opiniões.

Mas isso não significa que eu deva cumprir automaticamente apenas com outra ordem social. A importância de questionar o sistema existente é a lição mais importante que aprendi com a revolução de 1989. É exatamente porque eu não nasci em um país livre que a liberdade para mim é o oposto de conformidade. Liberdade é encontrar minhas próprias respostas às perguntas mais fundamentais: quem sou eu, quem quero ser e que tipo de vida quero viver? O que separa Ossis de Wessis é a percepção de que nenhuma ordem social é estabelecida em pedra e, portanto, pode ser mudada (como mostra minha certidão de nascimento, emitida por um país que não existe mais).

Hoje o desemprego ainda é parte da minha família e o dinheiro ainda é um problema. A RDA ainda faz parte de nossas vidas, não apenas de nossas lembranças. Tendo vivido em dois sistemas, meus pais aprenderam da maneira mais difícil. A boa vontade deles foi explorada muitas vezes. Tivemos que começar do zero em um mundo em decadência. Vejo que meus pais lamentam o sentimento de pertencer que perderam e que eu nunca tive. Na Alemanha Oriental, eles pertenciam à uma comunidade, à pessoas que se sentavam no mesmo barco. Para ser justo, a comunidade na RDA frequentemente era coerciva, caracterizada por uma dependência mútua: "Eu trabalho na administração, se eu ajudar você a conseguir um apartamento, você pode me arranjar uma bicicleta para meu filho"? A comunidade era necessária para sobreviver, sustentar uma família e administrar a sempre presente escassez. Era para se dar bem, não para chegar à frente. Mas, por precisar e cooperar com outros, você sempre esteve com outros. Em 1990, perdemos ajuda e cooperação, em favor da riqueza e do lucro em detrimento dos outros. A unificação foi uma bênção e uma maldição. Muito foi ganho, talvez mais do que eu jamais possa compreender. Mas acredito que uma certa humanidade foi perdida - uma humanidade que talvez só seja possível em circunstâncias extremas.

Leia a Parte I da história de Janina aqui.


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Janina Cymborski

Janina Cymborski

Born in East Germany, I still live here, enjoying the freedom of an unconventional life I did not really plan on having. After college, I worked in the travel industry in various positions in sales and at one point I decided that it was not enough. I quit and went back to university. I will be doing my master’s degree in political science hopefully next year and apart from that engage in various activities. I learn Arabic and vice versa support others learning German. I volunteer for different projects, both here in Leipzig and Europe-wide. I lack money, sometimes employment, and certainly I could have chosen an easier path. But so be it. I obviously took the road less travelled  and I hope it will one day make all the difference. As Rosa Luxemburg put it: Those who do not move, do not notice their chains.

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