韩国女性和墨西哥女性的区别

墨西哥政府从未像韩国政府一样关心过我朋友。当我认识到这一点的时候,我大为震惊。
Mexico, Central America

Story by Olga Mata. Translated by Jie Li
Published on June 26, 2022.

This story is also available in GB de es kr



墨西哥市著名纪念碑“密涅瓦”被刷成红色来纪念2020年女性谋杀和2019年韩国爆发的“我也是”运动。


每当有女性站出来宣称自己是女权主义者时,就有变化发生。

在我前往韩国进行学术交流的前几天,我收到来自大学朋友的邀请,他们邀请我帮助每年举行的性别平等抗议活动,这个活动每年3月8日在墨西哥城举办。在这里,上千人谴责墨西哥女性每天都会遭遇的种种暴力。这种暴力从街上的性骚扰再到强奸和女性谋杀等性别仇恨的犯罪。

由于我人在韩国,我能参加这次的活动来表达我的不满。但是,我的其他经历让我对侵犯女权有了自己的看法。

我刚到韩国的几周内,我来到韩国釜山市的警察局。当时有两个老年男性从趁着我们在海滩穿比基尼玩耍时偷拍了两张照片,所以我和两个新认识的朋友在警察局报案。令我意外的是,偷拍照片在韩国属于性暴力重罪,犯罪嫌疑人会被判刑,或者处以罚款,最高罚款金额达7000美元。现在我意识到,墨西哥政府是不会像韩国政府那样对我朋友的遭遇表示关心,我大吃一惊。

我对此做了一些调查,我发现,这些措施是在2016年12月实施的 [3]。此前,以年轻女性为首的韩国女性举行了几次抗议活动,要求将非法偷拍视为一种性别暴力形式。这个例子告诉我,我们女性可以影响制定解决性别暴力的公共政策。

即使墨西哥政府已经颁布了打击性别暴力的政策 [4],女性的权利仍然受到侵害,实施性别暴力的人仍然免受惩罚。不幸的是,大多数墨西哥人任然觉得在公共交通或者街上偷拍女性是个“正常”行为。毕竟,警方无论如何都不会惩罚这些偷拍的人。但是,只要我们不报案,警察不作为的现象就仍然是常态。

我们并没有无动于衷。如图所示,在国际妇女节那一天,墨西哥的女权主义者把公共喷泉染成红色,以代表每天被谋杀的女性,并提高社会意识。

在韩国,新冠肺炎疫情不允许大规模公众集会,但韩国第一个女权党还是于3月8日成立 [5],以此作为妇女节象征性的纪念活动。最后,女性将继续为在任何地方的安全感而奋斗。

在墨西哥和韩国,国际妇女节不是值得庆祝的节日,而是各抒己见的日子。在社会文化开始发生变化之前,这种状态至少要持续的几十年。


脚注

[1] Averbuch, M.(2020年3月9日),“我们将消失”:数千名墨西哥妇女罢工抗议杀害女性,发表于《卫报》,来自https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/09/thousands-mexican-women-protest-violence-murders-femicide-government-inaction

[2] 这是《关于惩治性犯罪的特殊案件法》中第二章第十四条。详细信息请访问:https://elaw.klri.re.kr/eng_service/lawView.do?hseq=40947&lang=ENG

[3] 更多信息,请见:https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-50582338

[4] 倡议包括“国家预防、关注、制裁和消除对妇女的暴力行为体系”,以及联合国妇女署与墨西哥妇女研究所的协调努力。更多信息可通过链接获得:https://mexico.unwomen.org/es/nuestro-trabajo/eliminar-la-violencia-contra-mujeres-y-nina

[5] 更多详情请见:https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/03/03/south-koreas-first-feminist-party-launches-on-international-womens-day.html


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Olga Mata

Olga Mata

Hey! I'm Olga, an International Relations undergraduate at Mexican Autonomous Institute of Technology (ITAM). I have a special interest for international politics, gender and environmental studies. I'm a deep conversations fan, constantly questioning, discussing, reading and traveling to find answers. Dancer by heart, world citizen by choice.

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