한국과 멕시코에서 여자로 사는 것

멕시코 당국자들이 지금 한국 정부처럼 제 친구들에 대해 전혀 걱정하지 않았을 것이라는 것을 깨달았을 때 나는 충격을 받았다.

Story by Olga Mata. Translated by by Veronica Burgstaller
Mexico, Central America
Published on Saturday, 22. August 2020

Reading time: 2 minutes

This story is also available in GB de



사진: 멕시코 시티의 유명한 기념물인 "미네르바"는 2020년 페미사이드를 상징하기 위해 빨간색으로 칠해져 있다. 그 옆에서 2019년 대한민국 미투 운동이 펼쳐졌다.


변화는 여성이 자신을 페미니스트라고 선언할 때 시작된다.

한국에 교환학생으로 가기 전, 나는 제 대학 친구들로부터 매년 3월 8일 멕시코 시티에서 열리는 성 평등을 위한 시위를 돕기 위한 초청장을 받았다[1]. 변화는 여성이 자신을 페미니스트라고 선언할 때 시작됩니다.매일 멕시코 여성들은 성희롱 범죄, 성차별 혐오 범죄, 여성 살해와 같은 강간, 폭력, 여성혐오를 경험한다. 그러나 수천 명의 사람들이 멕시코의 여성들에 대한 이러한 대우를 비난하고 있다.

내가 한국에 있었기 때문에, 이번에는 시위에 참가하지 못하고 불만을 표출할 수 없다. 그럼에도 불구하고, 나는 여성의 권리 침해에 대해 제 생각을 형성하는 다른 것을 경험했다. 내가 한국에 막 2주 동안 도착했을 때, 부산시의 한 경찰서에 가게 되었다. 내 친구 중 두 명은 우리가 비키니를 입고 해변에서 놀고 있는 동안 어떤 나이 든 남자 그들의 동의 없이 사진을 찍은 것을 신고하고 있다. 낯 뜨거운 사진들을 찍는 것이 한국에서 7,000달러 이하의 벌금이나 징역으로 처벌될 수 있는 성폭력 범죄로 간주되는 것으로 밝혀졌다[2]. 멕시코 당국자들이 지금 한국 정부처럼 제 친구들에 대해 전혀 걱정하지 않았을 것이라는 것을 깨달았을 때 나는 충격을 받았다.

약간의 조사를 한 후, 나는 이러한 절차들이 대부분의 한국 젊은 여성들이 불법적인 몰래카메라 촬영에 대항하여 싸우는 것을 성 폭력의 한 형태로 2016년 12월에 최근에 시행되었다는 것을 알게 되었다[3]. 이 사례는 우리가 여성으로서, 성 폭력의 문제를 다루기 위해 공공 정책에 영향을 미치는 데 성공할 수 있다는 것을 보여주었다.

멕시코도 성폭력 퇴치를 위한 정책을 펼쳤지만 여성의 권리는 계속 침해되고 무죄판결.처벌을 받지 않음 (impunity) 여전한다[4]. 불행히도, 대부분의 멕시코 사람들은 여전히 남성들이 대중교통이나 거리에서 여성의 동의 없이 사진을 찍는 것을 "정상적인" 행동으로 여긴다. 결국, 경찰은 어쨌든 이러한 침략자들을 처벌하지 않을 것이다. 하지만 우리가 이 사건들을 보고하지 않는 한, 무죄판결 계속될 것이다.

하지만, 전혀 조치를 취하지 않는 것은 아니다. 국제 여성의 날 (International Women’s day) 동안, 멕시코 페미니스트는 공공 분수를 붉은 색으로 칠했다[5]. 매일 살해된 여성들을 나타내기 위해, 그리고 사진에서 보듯이, 사회적 인식을 높이기 위한다.

한국에서는 COVID-19로 인해 대규모 공개 집회가 금지되었지만, 3월 8일 상징적인 기념일로 대한민국 최초의 페미니스트당이 출범했다. 결국, 여성들은 어디에서나 안전을 느낄 권리를 위해 계속해서 노력할 것이다.

따라서 멕시코와 한국에서 국제 여성의 날은 문화가 바뀌기 시작할 때까지 몇 십 년 동안 기념하기보다는 목소리를 높이는 날로 남을 것이다.


각주

[1] Averbuch, M. (9 Mar 2020), “'We'll disappear': Thousands of Mexican women strike to protest femicide”, in The Guardianhttps://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/09/thousands-mexican-women-protest-violence-murders-femicide-government-inaction

[2] https://elaw.klri.re.kr/eng_service/lawView.do?hseq=40947&lang=ENG

[3] https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-50582338

[4] https://mexico.unwomen.org/es/nuestro-trabajo/eliminar-la-violencia-contra-mujeres-y-ninas 

[5] https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/03/03/south-koreas-first-feminist-party-launches-on-international-womens-day.html


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Olga Mata

Olga Mata

Hey! I'm Olga, an International Relations undergraduate at Mexican Autonomous Institute of Technology (ITAM). I have a special interest for international politics, gender and environmental studies. I'm a deep conversations fan, constantly questioning, discussing, reading and traveling to find answers. Dancer by heart, world citizen by choice.

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